Mandala that is translate as circle circumference is a graph that map the position of star, planets,deities and the sun with respect to a particular site. Hinduism and Buddhism use the mandala for having spiritual and ritual significance.
Mandala also has been developed into sandpainting. It appears in Rig Veda in Hinduism and become plan, chart or geometric pattern represent the cosmos. Mandala is a key part of anuttarayoga tantra meditation. Centre of mandala is an important role during meditation as an object for focusing attention. It enabled to identify emotional disorder. Mandala can be found on the form of stupa.
HINDUISM – YANTRAS
Yantra is a two or three dimensional geometric composotion use in sadhanas or meditative ritual. It is like a place of the deity. Its form is square shape that is stable. It consist 64 – 81 square. Brahma,the God of Hinduism is place in centre and the other God place around him.
BUDDHISM – TIBETAN VAJRAYANA
Tibetan vajrayana contains Buddhist glyphs and symbols. It is in cirle shape. It is different to Hinduism mandala that is square shape because buddhism want against Hinduism concept that is samsara. Buddhism want protect from ever changing outer world of samsara. Samsara is said like everything is dead can get live back that is known as reborn. The outer circle of fire symbolises wisdom. Ring of 8 charnel grounds represent the Buddhist exhortation. Inside the ring lie the walls of mandala that is place of deities.
It mean is human scale. It is discovered first by Hindu builder than Leonardo da Vinci or Le Corbusier. According to tradition, the design of any Hindu temple, or indeed any Hindu structure, anywhere in the country, at any time, is to be based on the fundamental principle of the Vastupurshamandala. One small diagram not only the cruk of Hindu philosophy but also the distribution of the gods and stars in relation to human beings. The basic temple is square in plan, its most significant component being the garba griha.